0
Research Papers

Vibration Analysis of Single Walled Boron Nitride Nanotube Based Nanoresonators

[+] Author and Article Information
Mitesh B. Panchal

e-mail: miteshbpanchal77@gmail.com

S. H. Upadhyay

e-mail: upadhyaysanjayh@yahoo.com

S. P. Harsha

e-mail: spharsha@gmail.com
Vibration and Noise Control Laboratory,
Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Department,
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee,
Roorkee 247667, Uttarakhand, India

Manuscript received March 31, 2012; final manuscript received July 30, 2012; published online January 18, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Debjyoti Banerjee.

J. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med 3(3), 031004 (Jan 18, 2013) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4007696 History: Received March 31, 2012; Revised July 30, 2012

In this paper, the vibration response analysis of single walled boron nitride nanotubes (SWBNNTs) treated as thin walled tube has been done using finite element method (FEM). The resonant frequencies of fixed-free SWBNNTs have been investigated. The analysis explores the resonant frequency variations as well as the resonant frequency shift of the SWBNNTs caused by the changes in size of BNNTs in terms of length as well as the attached masses. The performance of cantilevered SWBNNT mass sensor is also analyzed based on continuum mechanics approach and compared with the published data of single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) for fixed-free configuration as a mass sensor. As a systematic analysis approach, the simulation results based on FEM are compared with the continuum mechanics based analytical approach and are found to be in good agreement. It is also found that the BNNT cantilever biosensor has better response and sensitivity compared to the CNT as a counterpart. Also, the results indicate that the mass sensitivity of cantilevered boron nitride nanotube nanomechanical resonators can reach 10−23 g and the mass sensitivity increases when smaller size nanomechanical resonators are used in mass sensors.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Iijima, S., 1991, “Helical Microtubules of Graphitic Carbon,” Nature, 354, pp. 56–58. [CrossRef]
Oberlin, A., Endo, M., and Koyama, T., 1976, “Filamentous Growth of Carbon Through Benzene Decomposition,” J. Cryst. Growth, 32(3), pp. 335–349. [CrossRef]
Yu, J., Chen, Y., and Cheng, B. M., 2009, “Dispersion of Boron Nitride Nanotubes in Aqueous Solution With the Help of Ionic Surfactants,” Solid State Commun., 149(19–20), pp. 763–766. [CrossRef]
Chopra, N. G., Luyken, R. J., Cherrey, K., Crespi, V. H., Cohen, M. L., Louie, S. G., and Zettl, A., 1995, “Boron-Nitride Nanotubes,” Science, 269, pp. 966–967. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Chen, X., Wu, P., Rousseas, M., Okawa, D., Gartner, Z., Zettl, A., and Bertozzi, C. R., 2009, “Boron Nitride Nanotubes are Noncytotoxic and can be Functionalized for Interaction With Proteins and Cells,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131, pp. 890–891. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Cohen, M. L., and Zettl, A., 2010, “The Physics of Boron Nitride Nanotubes,” Phys. Today, 63(11), pp. 34–38. [CrossRef]
Santosh, M., Maiti, P. K., and Sood, A. K., 2009, “Elastic Properties of Boron Nitride Nanotubes and Their Comparison With Carbon Nanotubes,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 9(9), pp. 5425–5430. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Zhi, C., Bando, Y., Tang, C., and Golberg, D., 2005, “Immobilization of Proteins on Boron Nitride Nanotubes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 127(49), pp. 17144–17145. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
EerNisse, E. P., 1984, Applications of Piezoelectric Quartz Crystal Microbalances, C.Lu and A. W.Czanderna, eds., Elsevier Scientific Publication Company, Amsterdam, pp. 125–149.
Hauptmann, P., Lucklum, R., Puttmer, A., and Henning, B., 1998, “Ultrasonic Sensors for Process Monitoring and Chemical Analysis: State of the Art and Trends,” Sens. Actuators, A, 67, pp. 32–48. [CrossRef]
Thundat, T., Oden, P. I., and Warmack, R. J., 1997, “Microcantilevere Sensors,” Microscale Thermophys. Eng., 1(3), pp. 185–199. [CrossRef]
Ilic, B., Czaplewski, D., Craighead, H. G., Neuzil, P., Campagnolo, C., and Batt, C., 2000, “Mechanical Resonant Immunospecific Biological Detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 77(3), pp. 450–452. [CrossRef]
Lavrik, N. V., and Datskos, P. G., 2003, “Femtogram Mass Detection Using Photothermally Actuated Nanomechanicl Resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 82(16), pp. 2697–2699. [CrossRef]
Chopra, N. G., and Zettl, A., 1998, “Measurement of the Elastic Modulus of a Multi-Wall Boron Nitride Nanotube,” Solid State Commun., 105(5), pp. 297–300. [CrossRef]
Suryavanshi, A. P., Yu, M.-F., Wen, J., Tang, C., and Bando, Y., 2004, “Elastic Modulus and Resonance Behavior of Boron Nitride Nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 84(14), pp. 2527–2529. [CrossRef]
Ciofani, G., Raffa, V., Menciassi, A., and Cuschieri, A., 2009, “Boron Nitride Nanotubes: An Innovative Tool for Nanomedicine,” Nano Today, 4(1), pp. 8–10. [CrossRef]
Ciofani, G., Danti, S., D'Alessandro, D., Moscato, S., and Menciassi, A., 2010, “Assessing Cytotoxicity of Boron Nitride Nanotubes: Interference With the MTT Assay,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 394(2), pp. 405–411. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Jensen, K., Kim, K., and Zettl, A., 2008, “An Atomic Resolution Nanomechanical Mass Sensor,” Nat. Nanotechnol., 3(9), pp. 533–537. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Li, C. Y., and Chou, T. W., 2004, “Mass Detection Using Carbon Nanotube-Based Nanomechanical Resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 84(25), pp. 5246–5248. [CrossRef]
Chowdhury, R., Adhikari, S., and Mitchell, J., 2009, “Vibrating Carbon Nanotube Based Bio-Sensors,” Physica E, 42, pp. 104–109. [CrossRef]
Allen, B. L., Kichambare, P. D., and Star, A., 2007, “Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistor Based Biosensors,” Adv. Mater., 19, pp. 1439–1451. [CrossRef]
Chowdhury, R., and Adhikari, S., 2011, “Boron-Nitride Nanotubes as Zeptogram-Scale Biosensors: Theoretical Investigations,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol., 10(4), pp. 659–667. [CrossRef]
Wang, C., Ru, C., and Mioduchowski, A., 2004, “Applicability and Limitations of Simplified Elastic Shell Equations for Carbon Nanotubes,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 71(5), pp. 622–631. [CrossRef]
Scarpa, F., and Adhikari, S., 2008, “A Mechanical Equivalence for the Poisson's Ratio and Thickness of C-C Bonds in Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 41, p. 085306. [CrossRef]
Chowdhury, R., Wang, C. Y., and Adhikari, S., 2010, “Low Frequency Vibration of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes With Heterogeneous Boundaries,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 43, p. 085405. [CrossRef]
Joshi, A. Y., Harsha, S. P., and Sharma, S. C., 2010, “Vibration Signature Analysis of Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Based Nanomechanical Sensors,” Physica E, 42, pp. 2115–2123. [CrossRef]
Akin, J. E., 2005, “Anisotropic Conduction Ranges of Nanotube Composites,” Finite Elements, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, UK, pp. A.2.1–A.2.5, Appendix 2.
Madelung, O., 1991, Data in Science and Technology, R.Poerschke, ed., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 164.
Chowdhury, R., Wang, C. Y., Adhikari, S., and Scarpa, F., 2010, “Vibration and Symmetry-Breaking of Boron Nitride Nanotubes,” Nanotechnology, 21, p. 365702. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Vodenitcharova, T., and Zhang, L. C., 2003, “Effective Thickness of a Single Walled Carbon Nanotube,” Phys. Rev. B, 68(16), p. 165401. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Cantilevered single walled BNNT nanomechanical resonator with attached mass at tip of the beam

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

(a) Cantilevered single walled boron nitride nanotube 3D FEM model and (b) enlarged plot of FEM model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Partial cross section of a BNNT, where db is the diameter of boron atom, dn diameter of nitrogen atom, and h is the equivalent thickness of the nanotube

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Resonant frequency variations to attached mass, comparison of continuum mechanics based analytical approach of present work for cantilevered SWBNNT to published data of cantilevered SWCNT by Li and Chou [19]

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Mass sensitivity of cantilevered SWBNNT using continuum mechanics based analytical approach and FEM simulation, for different tube lengths. (a) Resonant frequency variations to attached mass and (b) resonant frequency shift variations to attached mass.

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In