Stents were initially made from stainless steel, a material known to resist corrosion and also capable of tolerating high stress, even plastic deformation, without fracture. For many engineering applications, stainless steel is an appropriate choice because of its strength, well-understood and repeatable properties, and reasonable cost. However, in biomedical applications, it may not react as well with the body as other materials, especially ceramics and polymers . To improve biocompatibility, metallic, ceramic, and polymeric coatings are used with some success [3,4]. To the body, stents are foreign objects and are targeted by the body's defense mechanisms, causing known stent problems, including restenosis and thrombosis. In stent implantation, restenosis is reclosing of the stented passageway, due to tissue growing from the passageway wall onto and over the stent as an immune system response to protect the body. Over time, this tissue begins to hinder blood flow . Another common problem is thrombosis, which is the formation of a blood clot that further restricts blood flow. While restenosis can increase the risk of thrombosis, it is also possible for a stent to cause thrombosis without first experiencing restenosis. Thrombotic events remain the primary cause of death after surgical complications . Fortunately, materials with improved biocompatibilty, including many ceramics, have been discovered and engineered . Pyrolytic carbon (also known as pyrolytic graphite) is one such engineered ceramic material which the body typically accepts . Carbon and carbonaceous materials are generally well tolerated by animal cells and are therefore commonly used in medical implants [7,9,10]. Several forms of carbon-based material have been demonstrated, including graphene  and pyrolyzed polymer films . Pyrolytic carbon has been used in applications such as finger joint replacement implants and heart valve replacements [13,14]. It is not uncommon to design a biomedical device constructed from steel or titanium because of their superior mechanical behavior, but coat the implant in pyrolytic carbon to keep the body from adversely reacting to the bare metal [10,15]. Pyrolytic carbon is a manmade material that can be created using CVD, a process commonly used for MEMS fabrication.