0
Research Papers

Effect of Solution Content ZnO Nanoparticles on Thermal Stability of Polyvinyl Chloride

[+] Author and Article Information
Farshad Farahbod

Department of Chemistry,
Firoozabad Branch,
Islamic Azad University,
P.O. Box: 74715-117,
Firoozabad, Fars, Iran
e-mail: mf_fche@iauf.ac.ir

Narges Bagheri

e-mail: n.bagheri@iauf.ac.ir

Fereshteh Madadpour

e-mail: mostahkamjonoobco@yahoo.com
Department of Chemistry,
Firoozabad Branch,
Islamic Azad University,
Firoozabad, Fars,Iran

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received February 23, 2013; final manuscript received July 17, 2013; published online August 21, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Roger Narayan.

J. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med 4(2), 021001 (Aug 21, 2013) (6 pages) Paper No: NANO-13-1013; doi: 10.1115/1.4025209 History: Received February 23, 2013; Revised July 17, 2013

Today's pipe made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is used as basic good in different industries. The thermal stability of the PVC while is filled with ZnO nanoparticles was studied in this paper. This paper show that the stability of the PVC resin mixed with ZnO nanoparticles solution and Sn was better than that of the PVC resin mixed with Sn alone. The UV (ultraviolet)–vis spectra is showed that under certain heat treatment conditions, the PVC samples without ZnO nanoparticles solution embodied relatively high content of the conjugated double bonds with the chain length of about 3–5. However, the content of the conjugated double bond with the chain length of about 6 was greatly increased when the nanoparticles was filled into the PVC resin. This work shows the ZnO nanoparticles could inhibit the thermal degradation process of PVC resin in ionic mechanism.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Jongchul, S., Gwonyoung, J., EUi Sung, J., Sher, B. K., and Haksoo, H., 2011, “Preparation and Properties of Poly (Propylene Carbonate) and Nanosized ZnO Composite Films for Packaging Applications” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 122, pp. 1101–1108. [CrossRef]
Wang, H., Xu, P., Zhong, W., Shen, L., Du, Q., 2005, “Transparent Poly (Methyl Methacrylate)/Silica/Zirconia Nanocomposites With Excellent Thermal Stabilities,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 87, pp. 319–327. [CrossRef]
Marquis, D. M., Guillaume, E., Camillo, A., Rogaume, T., and Richard, F., 2013, “Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions of a Differential Equation System Modeling the Thermal Decomposition of Polymer Materials,” Combust. Flame, 160, pp. 818–829. [CrossRef]
Liu, J.-J., Liu, Z.-L., Cheng, J., and Fang, D., 2013, “Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Catalytic Effect on Thermal Decomposition of RDX and AP: An Energetic Coordination Polymer [Pb2(C5H3N5O5)2(NMP)·NMP]n,” J. Solid State Chem., 200, pp. 43–48. [CrossRef]
Bao, Y. Z., Huang, Z., and Li, S. X., 2008, “Thermal Stability, Smoke Emission and Mechanical Properties of Poly(Vinyl Chloride)/Hydrotalcite Nanocomposites,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 93, pp. 448–455. [CrossRef]
Folarin, O. M., Eromosele, I. C., and Eromosele, C. O., 2011, “Stabilizing Effect of Metal Carboxylates of Balanites Aegyptiaca Seed Oil (BSO) on Poly (Vinyl Chloride),” Int. J. Phys. Sci., 6, p. 4323. [CrossRef]
Rouabeh, K., Schmitt, C., Elaoud, S., Hadj-Taïeb, E., and Pluvinage, G., 2012, “Failure of Grey Cast Iron Water Pipe Due to Resonance Phenomenon,” Eng. Fail. Anal., 26, pp. 120–128. [CrossRef]
Pinto, J., Varum, H., and Ramos, L., 2011, “Two Roofs of Recent Public Buildings, the Same Technological Failure,” Eng. Failure Anal., 18, pp. 811–817. [CrossRef]
Liu, F., Liu, H., Li, X., Zhao, H., Zhu, D., Zheng, Y., and Li, Ch., 2012 “Nano TiO2@Ag/PVC Film With Enhanced Antibacterial Activities and Photocatalytic Properties,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 258, pp. 4667–4671. [CrossRef]
Liufu, S. C., Xiao, H. N., and Li, Y. P., 2005, “Thermal Analysis and Degradation Mechanism of Polyacrylate/ZnO Nanocomposites,” Polym. Degrad. Stab., 87, pp. 103–110. [CrossRef]
Byrant, Dr., 2007, “Determination of a Conjugated Chain Length Using the Particle in a Box Model,” CHEM 341 Lab, Lab Partners: Fiona Mills-Groninger, Michael Poe & Jordan Walberry, Experiment Performed Sept. 13.
Pei, H., Li, W., Liu, Y., Wang, D., Wang, J., Shi, J., and Cao, S., 2012, “Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Norbornene Derivatives for Multifunctionalized All-Optical Photorefractive Polymers With a Non-Conjugated Main Chain,” Polymer, 53, pp. 138–144. [CrossRef]
Chanakul, A., Traiphol, N., and Traiphol, R., 2013, “Controlling the Reversible Thermochromism of Polydiacetylene/Zinc Oxide Nanocomposites by Varying Alkyl Chain Length,” J. Colloid Interface Sci., 389, pp. 106–114. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Mergen, A., İpek, Y., Bölek, H., and Öksüz, M., 2012, “Production of Nano Zinc Borate (4ZnO·B2O3·H2O) and Its Effect on PVC,” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 32, pp. 2001–2005. [CrossRef]
Hongqiang, W., Caihong, L., Haigang, Z., and Jinrong, L., 2013, “Preparation of Nano-Sized Flower-Like ZnO Bunches by a Direct Precipitation Method,” Adv. Powder Technol., 24, pp. 599–604. [CrossRef]
Wahab, H. A., Salama, A. A., El-Saeid, A. A., Nur, O., Willander, M., and Battisha, I. K., 2013, “Optical, Structural and Morphological Studies of (ZnO) Nano-Rod Thin Films for Biosensor Applications Using Sol Gel Technique,” Result. Phys., 3, pp. 46–51. [CrossRef]
Blasi, C. D., and Galgano, A., 2013, “Influences of Properties and Heating Characteristics on the Thermal Decomposition of Polymer/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites,” Fire Saf. J., 59, pp. 166–177. [CrossRef]
Mahmoud, W. E., and Al-Ghamdi, A. A., 2011, “The Influence of Cd (ZnO) on the Structure, Optical and Thermal Stabilities of Polyvinyl Chloride Nanocomposites,” Polym. Compos, 32, pp. 1143–1147. [CrossRef]
Chrissafis, K., and Bikiaris, D., 2011, “Can Nanoparticles Really Enhance Thermal Stability of Polymers? Part I: An Overview on Thermal Decomposition of Addition Polymers,” Thermochim. Acta, 523, pp. 1–24. [CrossRef]
LatifI., AL-Abodi EntisarE., Badri DhefafH., and Khafagi JawadAl, 2012, “Preparation, Characterization and Electrical Study of (Carboxymethylated Polyvinyl Alcohol/ZnO) Nanocomposites,” Am. J. Polym. Sci., 2(6), pp. 135–140. [CrossRef]
Hassan OmerA., Otaiwi Ali.M., and AbeerA., 2008, “Photodegradation Study of PVC by New Metal Complexes of Thiourea Derivatives,” Natl. J. Chem., 31, pp. 501–513. Available at http://www.iasj.net/iasj?func=fulltext&aId=45921

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Thermal decomposition time curves of different samples: treated with ZnO nanoparticles and untreated

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

SEM photos of nanoparticles in two different visions (a) in the scale of 5 μm and (b) in the scale of 500 nm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Thermal decomposition temperature of sample in different nanoparticle composition

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The relationship between UV–vis absorption wavelength and the conjugated chain length

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

UV–vis spectra of PVC samples without ZnO nanoparticles at different aging time: 1–30, 2–60, 3–90, 4–120, and 5–180 min

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

UV–vis spectra of PVC samples filled with different content of ZnO nanoparticles: 1–0, 2–1, and 3–5 wt. %

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

UV–vis spectra of PVC samples filled with 1 wt. % ZnO nanoparticles for different aging time: 1–30, 2–60, 3–120, and 4–180 min

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In