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Research Papers

Morphology and Crystallographic Characterization of Nickel Nanowires—Influence of Magnetic Field and Current Density During Synthesis

[+] Author and Article Information
Mahendran Samykano

Department of Nanoengineering,
Joint School of Nanoscience
and Nanoengineering,
North Carolina A&T State University,
2907 East Lee Street,
Greensboro, NC 27401
e-mail: mahendran.samkano@gmail.com

Ram Mohan

Department of Nanoengineering,
Joint School of Nanoscience
and Nanoengineering,
North Carolina A&T State University,
2907 East Lee Street,
Greensboro, NC 27401
e-mail: rvmohan@ncat.edu

Shyam Aravamudhan

Department of Nanoengineering,
Joint School of Nanoscience
and Nanoengineering,
North Carolina A&T State University,
2907 East Lee Street,
Greensboro, NC 27401
e-mail: saravamu@ncat.edu

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received April 25, 2014; final manuscript received July 14, 2014; published online August 19, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Hsiao-Ying Shadow Huang.

J. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med 5(2), 021005 (Aug 19, 2014) (7 pages) Paper No: NANO-14-1036; doi: 10.1115/1.4028026 History: Received April 25, 2014; Revised July 14, 2014

This paper presents results and discussion from a comprehensive morphological and crystallographic characterization of nickel nanowires synthesized by template-based electrodeposition method. In particular, the influence of magnetic and electric field (current density) conditions during the synthesis of nickel nanowires was studied. The structure and morphology of the synthesized nanowires were studied using Helium ion microscopy (HIM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) methods. The HIM provided higher quality data and resolution compared to conventional SEM imaging. The crystallographic properties of the grown nanowires were also studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results clearly indicated that the morphological and crystallographic properties of synthesized nickel nanowires were strongly influenced by the applied magnetic field and current density intensity during the synthesis process.

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Figures

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Fig. 4

Cross section of AAO template

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Fig. 3

HIM (left) and SEM (right) images nanowires grown at current density 11 mA·cm−2 and external magnetic field of, (a) and (b) 0G, (c) and (d) 3817G, and (e) and (f) 5756G

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Fig. 2

HIM (left) and SEM (right) images of nanowires grown at current density 5 mA·cm−2 and external magnetic field of, (a) and (b) 0G, (c) and (d) 3817G, and (e) and (f) 5756G

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Fig. 1

Processing flow for template-based synthesis

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Fig. 5

XRD pattern of the Ni nanowires deposited in alumina membranes at various magnetic field and current density, (a) 5 mA·cm−2 and (b) 11 mA·cm−2 (in both Figs. 5(a) and 5(b)), solid line indicates for 0G, dashed line indicates for 3817G and dotted line for 5756G magnetic field

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