Research Papers

Effect of Nanoparticle Suspensions on Liquid Fuel Hot-Plate Ignition

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhi Huang, Yuxuan Lu, Ting Cheng, Liangying Yu

School of Power and Mechanical Engineering,
Wuhan University,
Wuhan, HB 430072, China

Weimin Kan

GPGC Electric Power Research Institute,
Guangzhou, GD 510600, China

Xuejiao Hu

School of Power and Mechanical Engineering,
Wuhan University,
Wuhan, HB 430072, China
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory
on Hydrodynamic Transients,
Wuhan, HB 430072, China
e-mail: xjhu@whu.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received March 9, 2014; final manuscript received November 3, 2014; published online November 19, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Calvin Li.

J. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med 5(3), 031004 (Aug 01, 2014) (5 pages) Paper No: NANO-14-1022; doi: 10.1115/1.4029029 History: Received March 09, 2014; Revised November 03, 2014; Online November 19, 2014

Increased ignition probabilities of ethanol are found on a heated hot-plate with the introduction of Al2O3, Fe3O4, and carbon nanotube (CNT) nanoparticle suspensions. We show that the mechanism is probably due to liquid fuel boiling point elevation caused by nanoparticle accumulation at liquid–vapor interfaces. The magnitudes of this impact are related to the number and geometry of nanoparticles but independent from the nanoparticle chemical compositions. These findings may have important applications for developing future alternative liquid fuels with advanced combustion characteristics.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Szuromi, P., Jasny, B., Clery, D., Austin, J., and Hanson, B., 2007, “Energy for the Long Haul,” Science, 315(5813), p. 781. [CrossRef]
Hill, J., Nelson, E., Tilman, D., Polasky, S., and Tiffany, D., 2006, “Environmental, Economic, and Energetic Costs and Benefits of Biodiesel and Ethanol Biofuels,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 103(30), pp. 11206–11210. [CrossRef]
Yetter, R. A., Risha, G. A., and Son, S. F., 2009, “Metal Particle Combustion and Nanotechnology,” Proc. Combust. Inst., 32(2), pp. 1819–1838. [CrossRef]
Dreizin, E. L., 2009, “Metal-Based Reactive Nanomaterials,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 35(2), pp. 141–167. [CrossRef]
Granier, J., Plantier, K., and Pantoya, M., 2004, “The Role of the Al2O3 Passivation Shell Surrounding Nano-Al Particles in the Combustion Synthesis of NiAl,” J. Mater. Sci., 39(21), pp. 6421–6431. [CrossRef]
Gan, Y., and Qiao, L., 2011, “Combustion Characteristics of Fuel Droplets With Addition of Nano and Micron-Sized Aluminum Particles,” Combust. Flame, 158(2), pp. 354–368. [CrossRef]
Pantoya, M. L., and Granier, J. J., 2005, “Combustion Behavior of Highly Energetic Thermites: Nano Versus Micron Composites,” Propellants, Explos., Pyrotech., 30(1), pp. 53–62. [CrossRef]
Sajith, V., Sobhan, C., and Peterson, G., 2010, “Experimental Investigations on the Effects of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticle Fuel Additives on Biodiesel,” Adv. Mech. Eng., 2010(58), p. 581407. [CrossRef]
Tyagi, H., Phelan, P. E., Prasher, R., Peck, R., Lee, T., Pacheco, J. R., and Arentzen, P., 2008, “Increased Hot-Plate Ignition Probability for Nanoparticle-Laden Diesel Fuel,” Nano Lett., 8(5), pp. 1410–1416. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Jones, M., Li, C. H., Afjeh, A., and Peterson, G., 2011, “Experimental Study of Combustion Characteristics of Nanoscale Metal and Metal Oxide Additives in Biofuel (Ethanol),” Nanoscale Res. Lett., 6(1), pp. 1–12. [CrossRef]
Sabourin, J. L., Dabbs, D. M., Yetter, R. A., Dryer, F. L., and Aksay, I. A., 2009, “Functionalized Graphene Sheet Colloids for Enhanced Fuel/Propellant Combustion,” ACS Nano, 3(12), pp. 3945–3954. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Prasher, R., Bhattacharya, P., and Phelan, P. E., 2005, “Thermal Conductivity of Nanoscale Colloidal Solutions (Nanofluids),” Phys. Rev. Lett., 94(2), p. 025901. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Choi, S., Zhang, Z., Yu, W., Lockwood, F., and Grulke, E., 2001, “Anomalous Thermal Conductivity Enhancement in Nanotube Suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 79(14), pp. 2252–2254. [CrossRef]
Xie, H., Lee, H., Youn, W., and Choi, M., 2003, “Nanofluids Containing Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Their Enhanced Thermal Conductivities,” J. Appl. Phys., 94(8), pp. 4967–4971. [CrossRef]
Wen, D., and Ding, Y., 2004, “Experimental Investigation Into Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids at the Entrance Region Under Laminar Flow Conditions,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 47(24), pp. 5181–5188. [CrossRef]
Xuan, Y., and Li, Q., 2003, “Investigation on Convective Heat Transfer and Flow Features of Nanofluids,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 125(1), pp. 151–155. [CrossRef]
Tyagi, H., Phelan, P., and Prasher, R., 2007, “Predicted Efficiency of a Nanofluid-Based Direct Absorption Solar Receiver,” ASME 2007 Energy Sustainability Conference, ASME Paper No. ES2007-36139. [CrossRef]
Krishnamurthy, S., Bhattacharya, P., Phelan, P., and Prasher, R., 2006, “Enhanced Mass Transport in Nanofluids,” Nano Lett., 6(3), pp. 419–423. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Ozturk, S., Hassan, Y. A., and Ugaz, V. M., 2010, “Interfacial Complexation Explains Anomalous Diffusion in Nanofluids,” Nano Lett., 10(2), pp. 665–671. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Wasan, D. T., and Nikolov, A. D., 2003, “Spreading of Nanofluids on Solids,” Nature, 423(6936), pp. 156–159. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Pauliac-Vaujour, E., Stannard, A., Martin, C., Blunt, M. O., Notingher, I., Moriarty, P., Vancea, I., and Thiele, U., 2008, “Fingering Instabilities in Dewetting Nanofluids,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 100(17), p. 176102. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
You, S., Kim, J., and Kim, K., 2003, “Effect of Nanoparticles on Critical Heat Flux of Water in Pool Boiling Heat Transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 83(16), pp. 3374–3376. [CrossRef]
Wang, X.-Q., and Mujumdar, A. S., 2007, “Heat Transfer Characteristics of Nanofluids: A Review,” Int. J. Therm. Sci., 46(1), pp. 1–19. [CrossRef]
Wheeler, A. J., and Ganji, A., 2004, Engineering Experimentation, Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Biance, A.-L., Clanet, C., and Quéré, D., 2003, “Leidenfrost Drops,” Phys. Fluids, 15(6), pp. 1632–1637. [CrossRef]
Myers, T., and Charpin, J., 2009, “A Mathematical Model of the Leidenfrost Effect on an Axisymmetric Droplet,” Phys. Fluids, 21(6), p. 063101. [CrossRef]
Kays, W., and Crawford, M., 1993, Convection Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Bigioni, T. P., Lin, X.-M., Nguyen, T. T., Corwin, E. I., Witten, T. A., and Jaeger, H. M., 2006, “Kinetically Driven Self Assembly of Highly Ordered Nanoparticle Monolayers,” Nat. Mater., 5(4), pp. 265–270. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Rabani, E., Reichman, D. R., Geissler, P. L., and Brus, L. E., 2003, “Drying-Mediated Self-Assembly of Nanoparticles,” Nature, 426(6964), pp. 271–274. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Moore, W. J., 1972, Physical Chemistry, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Experimental setup

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Measured (dots) and fitted (curves) ignition probabilities at various hot-plate temperatures. (a) Ethanol with CNT suspensions versus pure ethanol and (b) ethanol with spherical NP (Al2O3, Fe3O4) suspensions versus pure ethanol. The insets depict the corresponding ignition probability densities, the peaks of which are the average hot-plate ignition temperatures, T*.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Ignition temperature decrease: theoretical prediction versus experimental data

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Leidenfrost drop with nanoparticle suspensions




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In