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Review Article

A Splendid Blend of Nanotechnology and Forensic Science

[+] Author and Article Information
Dhritiman Chakraborty

St. Stephen's College, New Delhi,
Delhi 110007, India
e-mail: dhritimanccv@gmail.com

Gopika Rajan

Amity Institute of Nanotechnology,
Amity University,
Noida 201 303, India
e-mail: gopeekarajan@gmail.com

Rimal Isaac

Assistant Professor
Department of Nanotechnology,
School of Interdisciplinary Courses,
Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education (NICHE),
Kumaracoil, Kanyakumari District, Thuckalay,
Tamil Nadu 629180, India
e-mail: rimal.xyz@gmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received November 9, 2014; final manuscript received April 21, 2015; published online June 16, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Feng Xu.

J. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med 6(1), 010801 (Feb 01, 2015) (6 pages) Paper No: NANO-14-1069; doi: 10.1115/1.4030421 History: Received November 09, 2014; Revised April 21, 2015; Online June 16, 2015

Nanotechnology, which is being employed in all areas of technology, also finds application in the sector of forensics. It is evident that utilization of this technology will help the criminologists to solve the criminal mystery with greater accuracy and pace. Fingerprinting technology, deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) analysis, forensic material testing, etc., are some technical zones that are being invaded by nanoscience. This is a brief review about the applications of nanotechnology in forensics. It also provides insight to the future prospects of this amalgamation of technologies, leading to better scientific analysis of evidence suitable for legal proceedings.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Overview of the potential applications of nanotechnology in forensic science

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Fig. 2

Latent fingerprint enhancement using gold nanoparticles [1]

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Fig. 3

Latent fingerprint enhancement using cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles [4]

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Fig. 4

An integrated DNA biochip, under development by James Landers at the University of Virginia, with the potential to perform various forensic analyses on a single chip [16]

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Fig. 5

Overview of the applications of nanotechnology in security

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Fig. 6

In situ growth of gold nanoparticles on latent fingerprints—from forensic applications to inkjet printed nanoparticle patterns [18]

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