Research Papers

Experimental and Numerical Evaluation of Small-Scale Cryosurgery Using Ultrafine Cryoprobe

[+] Author and Article Information
Junnosuke Okajima

Institute of Fluid Science,
Tohoku University,
2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku,
Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan
e-mail: okajima@pixy.ifs.tohoku.ac.jp

Atsuki Komiya

Institute of Fluid Science,
Tohoku University,
2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku,
Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan
e-mail: komy@pixy.ifs.tohoku.ac.jp

Shigenao Maruyama

Institute of Fluid Science,
Tohoku University,
2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku,
Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan
e-mail: maruyama@ifs.tohoku.ac.jp

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received February 14, 2014; final manuscript received July 3, 2014; published online July 24, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Calvin Li.

J. Nanotechnol. Eng. Med 4(4), 040906 (Jul 24, 2014) (5 pages) Paper No: NANO-14-1011; doi: 10.1115/1.4027988 History: Received February 14, 2014; Revised July 03, 2014

The objective of this work is to experimentally and numerically evaluate small-scale cryosurgery using an ultrafine cryoprobe. The outer diameter (OD) of the cryoprobe was 550 μm. The cooling performance of the cryoprobe was tested with a freezing experiment using hydrogel at 37 °C. As a result of 1 min of cooling, the surface temperature of the cryoprobe reached −35 °C and the radius of the frozen region was 2 mm. To evaluate the temperature distribution, a numerical simulation was conducted. The temperature distribution in the frozen region and the heat transfer coefficient was discussed.

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Fig. 1

Concept of the ultrafine cryoprobe

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Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental system

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Fig. 3

Relationship between temperature and enthalpy for pure water

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Fig. 4

Calculation domain

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Fig. 5

Time variation of the surface temperature on the ultrafine cryoprobe

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Fig. 6

Time variation of the frozen region at surface of the hydrogel

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Fig. 7

Snapshots of the frozen region at 30 s obtained by (a) experiment and (b) calculation

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Fig. 8

Temperature distribution around the ultrafine cryoprobe at 30 s

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Fig. 9

Time variation of the heat flux on the ultrafine cryoprobe positioned at the surface of the hydrogel

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Fig. 10

Time variation of local heat transfer coefficient for the refrigerant flow in the ultrafine cryoprobe positioned at the surface of the hydrogel



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